Physiatry gained official recognition as a medical specialty in 1947. Today, nearly 5,000 physiatrists work in private practice and in academic departments within college's of medicine at major universities around the United States. Over half of all active physiatrists were trained in the last decade.
Training for physiatrists includes a one year internship followed by a three year residency. The United States now has more than 80 such training programs, including the program at the University of Kentucky.